5. Fairness

a. Ensure that algorithmic decisions do not create discriminatory or unjust impacts across different demographic lines (e.g. race, sex, etc.). b. To develop and include monitoring and accounting mechanisms to avoid unintentional discrimination when implementing decision making systems. c. To consult a diversity of voices and demographics when developing systems, applications and algorithms.
Principle: A compilation of existing AI ethical principles (Annex A), Jan 21, 2020

Published by Personal Data Protection Commission (PDPC), Singapore

Related Principles


Ensure that algorithmic decisions do not create discriminatory or unjust impacts when comparing across different demographics (e.g. race, sex, etc).

Published by Fairness, Accountability, and Transparency in Machine Learning (FAT/ML) in Principles for Accountable Algorithms, Jul 22, 2016 (unconfirmed)

· 2. Avoid creating or reinforcing unfair bias.

AI algorithms and datasets can reflect, reinforce, or reduce unfair biases. We recognize that distinguishing fair from unfair biases is not always simple, and differs across cultures and societies. We will seek to avoid unjust impacts on people, particularly those related to sensitive characteristics such as race, ethnicity, gender, nationality, income, sexual orientation, ability, and political or religious belief.

Published by Google in Artificial Intelligence at Google: Our Principles, Jun 7, 2018

4. Fairness and diversity

Developers of AI technology should minimize systemic biases in AI solutions that may result from deviations inherent in data and algorithms used to develop solutions. Everyone should be able to use an artificial intelligence solution regardless of age, gender, race or other characteristics.

Published by Megvii in Artificial Intelligence Application Criteria, Jul 8, 2019

10. Responsibility, accountability and transparency

a. Build trust by ensuring that designers and operators are responsible and accountable for their systems, applications and algorithms, and to ensure that such systems, applications and algorithms operate in a transparent and fair manner. b. To make available externally visible and impartial avenues of redress for adverse individual or societal effects of an algorithmic decision system, and to designate a role to a person or office who is responsible for the timely remedy of such issues. c. Incorporate downstream measures and processes for users or stakeholders to verify how and when AI technology is being applied. d. To keep detailed records of design processes and decision making.

Published by Personal Data Protection Commission (PDPC), Singapore in A compilation of existing AI ethical principles (Annex A), Jan 21, 2020

Fourth principle: Bias and Harm Mitigation

Those responsible for AI enabled systems must proactively mitigate the risk of unexpected or unintended biases or harms resulting from these systems, whether through their original rollout, or as they learn, change or are redeployed. AI enabled systems offer significant benefits for Defence. However, the use of AI enabled systems may also cause harms (beyond those already accepted under existing ethical and legal frameworks) to those using them or affected by their deployment. These may range from harms caused by a lack of suitable privacy for personal data, to unintended military harms due to system unpredictability. Such harms may change over time as systems learn and evolve, or as they are deployed beyond their original setting. Of particular concern is the risk of discriminatory outcomes resulting from algorithmic bias or skewed data sets. Defence must ensure that its AI enabled systems do not result in unfair bias or discrimination, in line with the MOD’s ongoing strategies for diversity and inclusion. A principle of bias and harm mitigation requires the assessment and, wherever possible, the mitigation of these biases or harms. This includes addressing bias in algorithmic decision making, carefully curating and managing datasets, setting safeguards and performance thresholds throughout the system lifecycle, managing environmental effects, and applying strict development criteria for new systems, or existing systems being applied to a new context.

Published by The Ministry of Defence (MOD), United Kingdom in Ethical Principles for AI in Defence, Jun 15, 2022